BRIEF HISTORY OF MARDIN:
It is possible to list the different civilizations of Mardin which are stratified together briefly.
PRE-HISTORY CULTURES: The raw materials that summarize the civilization of Mardin are M stone and clay ar. In the world and especially in the areas of Mesopotamia, clay has been the most important determinant of writing, in other words, learning.
Although Mardin has gone through different historical processes with many different languages, religions and cultures, it exhibits a great deal of unity and solidarity, especially in Mesopotamia and Egypt.
Throughout the history of civilization, every age has given birth to a new and different age. Mardin, which is an important city of Northern Mesopotamia and has been accepted as a settlement since the Client Process (50.000 BC), later became an important place in the permanent residential areas during the period when the cereal production economy started. It is still possible to observe the transition periods in the Neolithic settlement of Jermo in the mountainous boundaries of Mesopotamia, in turn, in the order of 3,000 years.
The earliest pottery, domesticated animals and cultivated soils are the beginning of the permanent settlement here. It can be dated around 6750. This process is dominated by the site states extending from Dicle to the Mediterranean. In the process known as Tell Halaf, copper on a site on the River Habur BC. It was started to be processed at 4.500. There is a larger proportion of cereals and domestic animals, and technical developments are made up of wheeled vehicles, stone-covered roads, mastery of the vaulting principle and high-grade furnaces.
The earliest settlers of Mesopotamia and especially Mardin, written monuments, written tradition, other than Sumerians, before the Akkadians or Akkadis BC. Towards the end of the third millennium, it was the ancestors or close relatives of the Hurars which were seen in Northern Mesopotamia. Although their presence in Mardin is known, there are no definitive statements about their past and migration routes. So far the effects are highly likely to be more than those specified.
B.C. With the transformations in the 4th and 3rd millennia, the prehistoric endless dark periods have ended and progress has begun with the presence of literature. Names, speech and movements; it is presented by a system of figures representing the words and syllables as a whole.
B.C. At about 3000, at the center in Erech, the Sumerians began to use stone in buildings, including the emergence of cylindrical seal and writing. In the meantime, almost all documents written before Akad (BC 2334-2154) were written in the Sumerian language. The Sumerian language is a complementary language and the prefixes and suffixes that express different grammar rules and correlations are added in a sequence to the name or verb root.
Accordingly, BC. Mardin in the 4th millennium, as can be seen in later periods, consists of many different elements. The Sumerians and their heirs, in spite of the Sumerians’ role in governance, the historical roles of other elements have never been lower than others. The development of the Sumerian city states in Mesopotamia was seen in the following half millennium. The Sumerians have also revealed the vast majority of the Mesopotamian cultural framework in the next two millennia.
AKADLAR (2350-2000 BC): It was observed that the Semitic elements known to the Akkadian and other pre-Akkadian names were more or less a nomadic life. However, since they had a flock of domestic sheep and goats, they were not staying in a place that would take more than a day’s walk from the watery areas.
In the history of Mesopotamia and especially in the history of Mardin, there are many reasons to consider the year 2350 as a historical turning point.
First, an empire had risen for the first time on the land of Mesopotamia. The power of this empire is also the Akkadir. This element, which stands side by side with the Sumerians, is almost synonymous with them. The most important rulers of the Akkadians were Sargon, Rimuş, Manishti, Naram-sin and Shar-kali-arri, and these rulers ruled 142 years.
PERIOD OF THE PERIOD: The Sumerians’ renaissance reached its peak in the united kingdom of Hamburabi in the second millennium. During this period, Mesopotamia was a mosaic of small states. Hamburabi was more powerful than his predecessors by playing skilled in the coalition. During the reign of Hambabi’s son Samsuiliuna (1749-1712 BC), the Babylonian Empire entered into a period of great decline. Despite the laxity of political unity, the period of Babel was a period in which active intellectualism increased and multiplied.
THE HURIANS: The archaeological excavations were carried out in the orbit of the ancient Near Eastern civilization. They entered the end of the third millennium. Hurries, periods…