History as documented by historians In 2000, the Hittites began writing the article. However, the history of mankind dates back much earlier than this. These periods are called Written History.Historians start the history of Bitlis from different times. 5000 years, like 7000 years of history. In fact, the history of Bitlis dates back to the period of Yenitaş which we call the Neolithic Age.
This period called Neolithic Age, Yenitaş or Polished Stone Age is the archaeological period between Ortataş Period and Bronze Age. This period was BC. It covers between 3000 and 9000 years. Neolithic Age, BC It ended in 3000 years. Based on this date, we see that Bitlis has a history and history of 5000 years. Probably the history of Bitlis is even older than this.
Bitlis and the region of BC
In 2000, under the rule of the Hittites, BC. In 1700, Hurri-Mitanni came under the dominance of the Assyrians, who later became a rebellious tribe. Assyrians BC By mid-2000, he had sovereignty in Upper Mesopotamia, a warrior and a savage nation. He was famous for burning down and plundering every place he went through. B.C. In 1280, after the reign of the Assyrian King Salmanassar I, Urartians settled in the mountainous areas around Lake Van.
They chose the city of Arzankun to the north of Lake Van. Urartians settled in the Van and Bitlis regions, blocked their expansionist policies as the Assyrians ended their sovereignty in the region. The Scythians (Scythian Turks) emerged as a new force in the Front Asia after the Assyrians of the southern neighbor of Urartu were destroyed. The Scythians, which ended the existence of the Urartians, began to reach south. After this date, Eastern Anatolia and Bitlis, Medler and Lydians have been a field of struggle.
With the dominance of the Medes
Bitlis came under the rule of the medes after a while, the Iranian state moved from the Medes to the Persians. After this date, Persian domination began in Bitlis. B.C. In 331, Bitlis was ruled by Alexander the Great. After the conquest of Syria and Egypt, Alexander, who came to the Tigris-Euphrates tribes, defeated the Persian Ahamenid Empire in his war with the Persians and in 331 the Persian Empire was abolished. With the end of Alexander’s domination of Persia, Bitlis went under the control of the armies of Alexander the Great.
After the collapse of the State of Selökid, which was established after Alexander in Bitlis, the Parthians dominated Eastern Anatolia. B.C. In 200, the ruler of the Parthian Arsağ and his brother Vağarşak, Bitlis and Muş were taken under their sovereignty. Roman Domination BC He’s been going on here since 600. But since it constantly changed the hands of Bitlis, this dominance has not been constant. B.C. Bitlis was invaded by the Romans in 600 BC. This invasion coincides with times when the Urartu period was weak.
639-640 At the time of Khalifa
Hazrat Omar (R.A), Al-Jazeera conqueror Gesham bin Ganem was appointed by the conquest of Anatolia upon the order of Saad bin Abu Vakkas by the Conqueror of Iran. Tamâ bin Bin Ganem, who was assigned to conquer Bitlis, Ahlat and Muş, took over Ahlat with an army of 300 and marched on Bitlis in 641 (Hijri 20).
Each year, a treaty was signed with the Patriarchate of Bitlis (as in the Ahlat Patriarchate), with the exception of a tribute. According to this agreement, Bitlis will be under the auspices of the Islamic States and the Patriarchate will pay a certain amount of tax to protect the property and the safety of non-Muslims in Bitlis. IX.
After the weakening of the Abbasid State since the second half of the century, Bitlis was again in the hands of the Byzantines in 928. The minbars of the mosques in Bitlis were removed and replaced with a cross. Then the locals began to migrate from Bitlis. A few years later, the same events repeated this time on the provocation of the Armenians.
Towards the end of the 9th century
Bitlis was captured by Mervanogullari in Diyarbakir and became a border town between the Marwanites and the Byzantines. When the Seljuks came to Anatolia, the sovereignty of the Mervanoğullari was over, and Bitlis became the eternal Turkish homeland under the sovereignty of the Seljuks. On May 23, 1040, the Seljuks triumphed from the Dandanakan Square War against the Ghaznavians and established an independent state in Khorasan, the capital of Nishabur.
Byzantine Emperor II. In 1021 Basilius added Bitlis to its borders. Bitlis 1047 in the history of the Seljuks for the first time passed, but this situation did not last long, again after a short time passed into the hands of the Marwan. In 1064 Alparslan passed the Aras River and began to enter Anatolia. He defeated the Byzantine and Armenian units in Ani by taking Georgia and Nakhichevan. Sultan Alparslan, descending into the Van Lake basin, is located in the vicinity of Van, Bitlis and Muş.