Many mounds, caves and flat settlements in the province of Balikesir research in these lands BC. It was discovered that between 8000-3000 years. 8 km to Havran. The remains of the Paleolithic, Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods were found in the İnboğazı caves. During the Babaköy (Başpınar) excavations, the Yortan cemetery, the ruins and settlements belonging to the Copper Age were found at Kaymak Tepe on the Ayvalık Dikili road. For the first time in this region, the city is Agiros (Achiraus). After the collapse of the Anatolian Seljuk State, the Karesi Principality was established in the region.
The name of the region where Balıkesir province is located is Misya in ancient times. The meaning of this word in the Lydian language is the Beech Tree. The boundaries of the region have undergone various changes over time, surrounded by the Marmara Sea in the north, the Dardanelles and the Aegean Sea in the west, the
Atranos Brook in the east and Lydia in the south. Following the coast of the Marmara Sea from Keshish Mountain, the area up to the Dardanelles is called the Little Misia, and the rest is called the Great Misia. Great Misya; Pergam (Pergamon), Adramitium (Edremit), Arjiza (Balya-Pazarköy), Assos (Behramkale), Teruvad (Truvada), Gargar, Antandos (Avcilar around), Belodos (Dursunbey) and Adriyanatere (Balikesir) consists of the cities. The Little Misya is Sizik (Belkız), Lâmpesak (Lapseki), Perkot (Bergoz), Abidus, Milotopolis (Mihaliç), Apoloni, Periyapos (Kara Biga), Pemaninos (Old Manyas), Artemea (Gönen), Zeleya (Sarıköy), Artas (Erdek) and Panormos (Bandırma).
B.C. Between 3000-1200 Pelasg and Leleg colonies were established. The descendants of the inhabitants of this region come from the Pelasglu. They came to this region after defeating the Bithynians have dominated Misya. They didn’t build a city because they like to live free.
B.C. The Hittite King IV in the 1120s. During the reign of Tuthalya, Misya entered the Hittite sovereignty. The Hittites used the name Assuva for the region. B.C. In the Trojan war that took place between Akalar and Troy in 1200, in the beginning of the Trojan War, the Khali and the mysterious Ennomos, who were in the beginning, supported Troy by supporting Troy. After the disintegration of Troy, Misia entered into the rule of Lydia.
B.C. In 546, Great Kiros and his successors had been included in the Achaemenid Empire at the time of Misya. Alexander the Great. In 334, he won the Granikos War with the Achaemenid Empire in the vicinity of the Biga
Stream and conquered Misya. After this date, the people of Misya has earned a reputation as a mercenary. At that time, even in the Egyptian army there is the Misya cavalry unit. After Alexander’s death his commanders fought each other. At the end of the war, Misya was captured by Lisimakus. He was killed in the Battle of
Korupedyon I. by Seleucus Nikator. Misya, to pass into the hands of Lisa Lisa Niko, but the Paflagonian Fletairos, who had worked under Lisimakus, captured Pergamon, and had dominated some of Misya. After Fletairos, his nephew Eumenes passed. B.C. In 278, the Gauls came to Misia. After I. Eumenes, I. Attalos, head of the Pergamum Kingdom, captured the rest of Misia.
In the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Pergamon, Misya experienced an economically comfortable period. B.C. In 133 Misya, King of Pergamum III. With the will of Attalos, the Roman Empire was dominated.
ROMAN AND BYZANTINE PERIOD
Misya came under the rule of Roman BC. In 133 AD, Manius Aquillius founded the Asian province of Rome and part of Misia was attached to this province. The Romans exploited and oppressed Misya for a long time with tax and slavery. Against them, the king of Pontus supported by VI. Mithridates started the movement was successful, but it did not take long and BC. In 85, the region once again completely under the Roman administration.
M.S. In 395, the Roman Empire was divided into two as east and west, and Misya was under the sovereignty of the newly founded Eastern Roman Empire. A large part of the land of Misya in the period of Byzantine rule took place in the Opsikion. During the siege of Istanbul in 675, the Arabs attacked Misia. In the Second Siege of Istanbul in 716-718, the Arabs, who were moving from the Syrian coasts, plundered the Bergama and Edremit regions.
Since 1015, the Seljuk Turks began to be seen in Anatolia under the sovereignty of the Byzantine Empire. With the Battle of Pasin of 1048, the raids of Turks on Anatolia gained momentum. After the Malazgirt Battle of 1071, Turks began to settle in Anatolia.
Kutalmışoğlu Suleyman Shah founded the Anatolian Seljukid State in Iznik in 1075, four years after the Malazgirt Challenge at the coast of Izmit and the shores of the Marmara Sea. In 1076 the city of Misya